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Missouri Goldenrod

Photo by James Leiker

Common Name: Missouri Goldenrod

Scientific Name: Solidago missouriensis

Family: Aster

Longevity: Perennial

Height: 1.5 - 2 feet

Bloom Period: August, September, and October

 

Description: Upright stems are scattered in loose colonies among the grasses. Alternate leaves are lance-shaped and prominently three-veined. The small, yellow flowers are crowded into heads that curve to one side at the top of the plant.

Comments: The spherical galls commonly seen on goldenrod stems are caused by the goldenrod gall fly. The flowers are frequented by bees, butterflies, flies and beetles. Grasshoppers, moth larva and leaf beetles feed on the foliage. These insect visitors are vital to the survival of newly-hatched grassland birds. Many types of birds eat the goldenrod seeds. Solidago means “to make whole or sound,” and attests to the medicinal properties of the plants. One of the earliest goldenrods to flower, Missouri Goldenrod is found on upland prairies statewide.