SMOOTH EARTH SNAKE
Photo © by Suzanne L. Collins
Used by permission
THREATENED SPECIES IN KANSAS
Length in Kansas up to 12 inches.
Restricted to northeastern Kansas along the forested ridges of the Kansas and
Marais des Cygnes river valleys and their tributaries.
Harmless. Smooth scales on front of body; weakly keeled scales on rear. A plain
colored snake; body is brown, gray or reddish brown with tiny black spots or flecks. Six
scales on each upper lip. Belly is white, cream-colored or light yellow. Young look like
This small snake is active from April to October in moist forests, with ample rocks,
logs or leaf litter under which to hide. It breeds in spring or fall and gives live birth
in late summer to 2-14 young. Never bites. Like many other small woodland snakes it eats
earthworms, slugs and soft-bodied insects.
Click here for
information on precautions against being bitten by snakes
and what to do if you have been bitten by one.
Text: Joseph T. Collins & Suzanne L. Collins
Photos: Suzanne L. Collins & Bob Gress
Range Maps & Web Design: Jim Mason