HISPID COTTON RAT

Hispid Cotton Rat
Photo by Bob Gress

 

Hispid Cotton Rat
Sigmodon hispidus

Measurements:
Total Length: 8 - 14 inches
Tail Length: 3.5 - 5 inches
Weight: 2 - 9 ounces

  • Comments:   Hispid cotton rats forage at dusk and dawn and rarely store their food. Their bristly fur is yellowish-brown with flecks of black and gray on top and whitish-gray below. Unlike other rats their tails are relatively short. Females can produce many litters from spring through fall with 7-9 young per litter. Average lifespan in the wild is less than one year.
  • Distribution:   Hispid cotton rats range from South America to the southeast and south-central United States. They live in prairies, uncultivated croplands, shrublands and wetlands of Kansas.
  • Food:   Hispid cotton rats feed on grass stems, leaves, seeds, grains, cotton, insects and small vertebrates, including mice and fledgling birds.

Other Kansas Rodents

AMERICAN BEAVER ORD'S KANGAROO RAT 13-LINED GROUND SQUIRREL
WOODCHUCK EASTERN CHIPMUNK SOUTHERN FLYING SQUIRREL
PRAIRIE VOLE EASTERN FOX SQUIRREL BLACK-TAILED PRAIRIE DOG
DEER MOUSE PLAINS POCKET GOPHER NORTHERN GRASSHOPPER MOUSE
EASTERN WOODRAT EASTERN CHIPMUNK WESTERN HARVEST MOUSE
COMMON MUSKRAT HISPID POCKET MOUSE NORTH AMERICAN PORCUPINE

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Mammal's Den
Text: George Potts and Bob Gress
Design: Jim Mason