Blue = current range
Hollow circles = former range
A map showing counties with designated critical habitat for this species may be found
the the Kansas Wildlife Refuge
- Status in Kansas:
- North American Status:
distributed, occurrences are spotty, and this species has been eliminated from a large
portion (> 50%) of its historic range, and is on many state endangered species lists as
it continues to be threatened by habitat degradation, pollution, and invasive species. Historically, the rabbitsfoot occurred in the lower Great Lakes sub-basin and Mississippi
River Basin from 137 streams in 15 states including: the lower Great Lakes sub-basin, Ohio
River system, Cumberland River system, Tennessee River system, lower Mississippi River
sub-basin, White River system, Arkansas River system, Red River system. Reports from
Nebraska, Michigan, Iowa and New York are questionable at best. Rabbitsfoot populations
are considered to be extant in 46 streams in 13 states including: lower Great Lakes
sub-basin, Ohio River system, Cumberland River system, Tennessee River system, lower
Mississippi River sub-basin, White River system, Arkansas River system, Red River system;
in Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Ohio,
Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee, and perhaps Virginia. Any historical occurrences in
Georgia and West Virginia are now believed extirpated, while its continued existence in
several other states (e.g., Alabama, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri) is
The rabbitsfoot is named for its general shape. Its length is about three times
longer than its height. The elongate, greenish-brown shell has a row of knobs and often
exhibits a beautiful pattern of dark triangles. It is one of the rarest mussels in Kansas.
It is found in clear streams with swift current flowing over stable gravel substrates.
Specimens can be found in the Spring River and a short stretch of the mid-Neosho River.
The Verdigris River currently contains chalky, long dead specimens only. However, surveys
in Oklahoma recently discovered an extant population below Oologah Reservoir. So,
propagating and reintroducing juveniles to sites upriver in Kansas remains a possibility
to help recover this species.
- Fish Hosts:
bluntface shiner, cardinal shiner, red shiner and spotfin shiner