WILDFLOWER REFERENCES & GLOSSARY

References:
The Pocket Guide to Kansas Flint Hills Wildflowers and Grasses focuses on plant ecology, providing only brief descriptions of each plant. There are many excellent field guides, offering detailed descriptions, available at local book dealers and Kansas libraries. Reference lists and plant images are available at:
www.kansasnativeplantsociety.org and www.kswildflower.org.

A few suggested references:

Durant, Mary
Who Named the Daisy? Who Named the Rose?
NY: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1976
Freeman, Craig Carl and Eileen K. Schofield
Roadside Wildflowers of the Southern Great Plains
Lawrence, KS: Univ. Press of KS, 1991
Haddock, Michael John
Wildflowers and Grasses of Kansas: A Field Guide
Lawrence, KS: Univ. Press of KS, 2005
Harris, James G. and Melinda Woolf Harris
Plant Identification Terminology: An Illustrated Glossary
Spring Lake, UT: Spring Lake Publishing, 1994
Kavanagh, James and Raymond Leung
Kansas Trees and Wildflowers: An Introduction to Familiar Species
Phoenix, AZ: Waterford Press, 2009
Kindscher, Kelly
Edible Wild Plants of the Prairie
Lawrence, KS: Univ. Press of KS, 1987
Lamb, Susan
100 Common Wildflowers of the Tallgrass Prairie
Tucson, AZ: Western National Parks Association, 2007
Ladd, Doug
Tallgrass Prairie Wildflowers. The Nature Conservancy
Falcon Press Publishing, 1995
Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim and A.L. Nelson
American Wildlife and Plants
NY: McGraw-Hill, 1951
Owensby, Clenton E
Kansas Prairie Wildflowers
Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 1980
Phillips Petroleum Company
Pasture and Range Plants
Bartlesville, OK: Phillips Petroleum Company, 1963
Platt, Dwight R. and Lorna H. Harder
Growing Native Wildflowers
Lawrence, KS: Kansas Native Plant Society, 1991
Weaver, T.E. and T.J. Fitzpatrick
“The Prairie.” Ecological Monographs
Volume 4: 109-295, 1934. spectacular!

Glossary:

abscission – natural separation zone; location at the base of a stem, leaf or other plant part that breaks away when the plant dries up
achene – a dry, one-seeded fruit as in the Sedge, Aster and Buckwheat families
annual – living one year; a plant that completes its entire life cycle in one growing season
axils – where the upper surface of a leaf or other plant part joins the stem
bast – plant fibers derived from the stem or inner bark
bract – a specialized leaf from which a flower or cluster of flowers arises
conditioner – plant species that promote and maintain health of grazing or browsing animals
crown – the point at or just below the surface of the ground where the stem and root join
decreaser – a plant species that decreases in abundance or disappears under persistent grazing pressure
forb – all herbs except grasses and sedges
herb – a plant that dies back to the ground at the end of each growing season
increaser – a plant species that increases under persistent grazing pressure
legume – the fruit of plants in the Bean Family; also refers to plants in the Bean Family
mordant – a substance used to fix colors in dying; examples are iron, tin, alum, tartar and vinegar
perennial – a plant lasting three or more years; a plant continuing to live from year to year
rhizome – a horizontal underground stem
stamen – the male reproductive part of the flower, consisting of a filament and pollen-bearing anther
tepals – a part of the flower not obviously differentiated into sepals (row of flower parts beneath the petals, usually green) and petals, so essentially identical in color and shape

Return to The Meadow

The Meadow
Text: Iralee Barnard
Web Design: Jim Mason