Click on each animal to go to the Kansas list!   


bulletAre in the class Amphibia within the subphylum Vertebrata.
bulletAre cold-blooded.  They cannot maintain their body temperature by internal means.
bulletHave a moist skin with no protective scales or shells.
bulletLay soft, gelatinous eggs with no shell.
bulletLay their eggs in water or some other situation where they will remain moist. 
bulletStart their life in the water in a gilled larval state (called tadpoles in frogs and toads).
bulletHave no claws on their toes.

Currently, there are about 4,000 recognized species of amphibians in the world, divided into 3 living orders.  Kansas has 29 species in 9 families and 2 orders.

The following list is adapted from the Kansas Herpetofaunal Atlas, online at: (accessed March 5, 2014)

For a pdf version of the Kansas list, click here Kansas amphibians list
(On a Windows system, download the file by right clicking on the link and choose "Save Target As" to save it to your hard drive, then open it from there.   You will need Acrobat Reader to view this file.  If you don't have that software already, you can get it for free from Adobe.)

bulletThere is a species portrait page done for the Barred Tiger Salamander.
bulletRange maps and population status for the ten amphibian species on the Kansas Threatened & Endangered Species list may be found in the Kansas Wildlife Refuge.

Order Caudata - Salamanders - (9 Species in Kansas)

    Family Ambystomatidae - Mole Salamanders
        Western (Barred) Tiger Salamander - Ambystoma mavortium
        Smallmouth Salamander - Ambystoma texanum
        Eastern Tiger Salamander - Ambystoma tigrinum

    Family Plethodontidae - Woodland Salamanders
        Long-tailed Salamander - Eurycea longicauda
        Cave Salamander - Eurycea lucifuga
        Grotto Salamander - Eurycea spelaea

    Family Proteidae - Mudpuppies
        Red River Mudpuppy - Necturus louisianensis
        Common Mudpuppy - Necturus maculosus

    Family Salamandridae - Newts
        Eastern Newt - Notophthalmus viridescens

Order Anura - Frogs & Toads - (20 Species in Kansas)

    Family Bufonidae - True Toads
        American Toad - Anaxyrus americanus
        Great Plains Toad - Anaxyrus cognatus
        Chihuahan Green Toad - Anaxyrus debilis
Fowler's Toad - Anaxyrus fowleri
        Red-spotted Toad - Anaxyrus punctatus
        Woodhouse's Toad - Anaxyrus woodhousii

    Family Hylidae - Treefrogs
        Blanchard's Cricket Frog - Acris blanchardi
        Gray Treefrog complex - Hyla chrysoscelis/versicolor
        Spotted Chorus Frog - Pseudacris clarkii
        Spring Peeper - Pseudacris crucifer
        Boreal Chorus Frog - Pseudacris maculata
        Strecker's Chorus Frog - Pseudacris streckeri

    Family Microhylidae - Narrow-mouthed Toads
        Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad - Gastrophryne carolinensis
        Great Plains Narrow-mouthed Toad - Gastrophryne olivacea

    Family Ranidae - True Frogs
        Crawfish Frog - Lithobates areolata
        Plains Leopard Frog - Lithobates blairi
        American Bullfrog - Lithobates catesbeiana
        Green Frog - Rana clamitans
        Southern Leopard Frog - Rana sphenocephala

    Family Scaphiopodidae - Spadefoot Toads
        Plains Spadefoot - Spea bombifrons

For more information on amphibians, see these resources:


For detailed information on the distribution of amphibians in Kansas,
visit the Kansas Herpetofaunal Atlas.


If you have a strong interest in Great Plains amphibians, you may wish to join
the Kansas Herpetological Society.


For information on amphibians worldwide, see AmphibiaWeb!


Visit the Tree of Life website to see how cladistic analysis presents the classification of animals.

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